Rupee 2000 Denomination Banknotes in India – Withdrawal from Circulation; Will continue as Legal Tender

Overview on withdrawal of ₹2000 denomination banknotes

In November 2016, after the announcement of demonetisation, ₹2000 banknotes were introduced to fulfill the immediate gap created by the withdrawal of legal tender status of all ₹500 and ₹1000 banknotes in circulation at that time. In couple of years, when banknotes of other smaller denominations came in circulation in the economy in adequate quantities, the printing of ₹2000 banknotes was stopped in 2018-19.

The objective of issuing ₹2000 currency in 2016 is achieved and in pursuance of the “Clean Note Policy” of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), hence RBI has taken decision to withdraw it from the economy gradually in few months. The total value of these banknotes in circulation has declined from ₹6.73 lakh crore as on March 31, 2018 (37.3% of Notes in Circulation) to ₹3.62 lakh crore constituting only 10.8% of Notes in Circulation on March 31, 2023.  About 89% of the ₹2000 denomination banknotes were issued prior to March 2017 and are at the end of their estimated life-span of 4-5 years.  

Can ₹2000 still be used to buy goods in the market?

Yes. RBI has made it clear that this denomination will continue to be legal tender.

However, the goods & services seller in the market shall be reluctant to accept this denomination banknote.

What to do now with ₹2000?

Public must either deposit ₹2000 denominations banknotes in their bank savings account or exchange it with other denominations from their bank. Public can go banks where they hold bank accounts or to any other banks for the exchange of notes.

Below are the Frequently Asked Questions issued by RBI related to the decision on ₹2000 denomination banknotes withdrawal

Why are ₹2000 denomination banknotes being withdrawn?

The ₹2000 denomination banknote was introduced in November 2016 under Section 24(1) of RBI Act, 1934 primarily with the objective to meet the currency requirement of the economy in an expeditious manner after withdrawal of the legal tender status of all ₹500 and ₹1000 banknotes in circulation at that time. With fulfilment of that objective and availability of banknotes in other denominations in adequate quantities, printing of ₹2000 banknotes was stopped in 2018-19. A majority of the ₹2000 denomination notes were issued prior to March 2017 and are at the end of their estimated life-span of 4-5 years. It has also been observed that this denomination is not commonly used for transactions. Further, the stock of banknotes in other denominations continue to be adequate to meet the currency requirement of the public.

In view of the above, and in pursuance of the “Clean Note Policy” of the Reserve Bank of India, it has been decided to withdraw the ₹2000 denomination banknotes from circulation.

What is Clean Note Policy?

It is a policy adopted by RBI to ensure availability of good quality banknotes to the members of public.

Does the legal tender status of ₹2000 banknotes remain?

Yes. The ₹2000 banknote will continue to maintain its legal tender status.

Can ₹2000 banknotes be used for normal transactions?

Yes. Members of the public can continue to use ₹2000 banknotes for their transactions and also receive them in payment. However, they are encouraged to deposit and/or exchange these banknotes on or before September 30, 2023.

What should the public do with the ₹2000 denomination banknotes held by them?

Members of the public may approach bank branches for deposit and/or exchange of ₹2000 banknotes held by them.

The facility for deposit into accounts and exchange for ₹2000 banknotes will be available at all banks until September 30, 2023. The facility for exchange will be available also at the 19 Regional Offices (ROs) of RBI having Issue Departments1 until September 30, 2023.

Is there a limit on deposit of ₹2000 banknotes into a bank account?

Deposit into bank accounts can be made without restrictions subject to compliance with extant Know Your Customer (KYC) norms and other applicable statutory / regulatory requirements.

Is there an operational limit on the amount of ₹2000 banknotes that can be exchanged?

Members of the public can exchange ₹2000 banknotes upto to a limit of ₹20,000/- at a time.

Can ₹2000 banknotes be exchanged through Business Correspondents (BCs)?

Yes, exchange of ₹2000 banknotes can be made through BCs upto a limit of ₹4000/- per day for an account holder.

From which date will the exchange facility be available?

To give time to the banks to make preparatory arrangements, members of the public are requested to approach the bank branches or ROs of RBI from May 23, 2023 for availing exchange facility.

Is it necessary to be a customer of the bank to exchange ₹2000 banknotes from its branches?

No. A non-account holder also can exchange ₹2000 banknotes up to a limit of ₹20,000/- at a time at any bank branch.

What if someone needs more than ₹20,000/- cash for business or other purposes?

Deposit into accounts can be made without restrictions. The ₹2000 banknotes can be deposited into bank accounts and cash requirements can be drawn thereafter, against these deposits.

Is there any fee to be paid for the exchange facility?

No. The exchange facility shall be provided free of cost.

Will there be special arrangements for senior citizens, persons with disabilities, etc. for exchange and deposit?

Banks have been instructed to make arrangements to reduce inconvenience to the senior citizens, persons with disabilities, etc., seeking to exchange/deposit ₹2000 banknotes.

What will happen if one cannot deposit / exchange ₹2000 banknote immediately?

To make the entire process smooth and convenient for the public, a period of over four months has been given for deposit and/or exchange of ₹2000 banknotes. Members of the public, are therefore, encouraged to avail this facility at their convenience within the allotted time.

What will happen if a bank refuses to exchange / accept deposit of ₹2000 banknote?

For redress of grievance in case of deficiency of service, the complainant / aggrieved customer may first approach the concerned bank. If the bank does not respond within a period of 30 days after lodging of the complaint or if the complainant is not satisfied with the response/resolution given by the bank, the complainant can lodge the complaint under the Reserve Bank – Integrated Ombudsman Scheme (RB-IOS), 2021 at the Complaint Management System portal of RBI.


Public must deposit the ₹2000 denomination banknotes as none in the market shall accept it going further in exchange of goods & services. Though government has not directly withdraw the legal tender status directly, it has indicated the same through the withdrawal of this denomination from the economy. However, for the general public, there is nothing to worry and one can easily deposit or get it exchanged from any nearest bank branch.

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